With tax season upon us, it can often be confusing to know what your filing responsibilities are. Here are some helpful questions and answers for international students and scholars.
Do all nonresident aliens need to file taxes?
No. Not all nonresident aliens for tax purposes need to file taxes. If you did not have any U.S.-source income, wages, scholarship, treaty benefits, or capital gains on the sale of stock, etc. then you will not be required to file taxes. You will only be required to file form 8843.
Do all nonresident aliens need to file form 8843?
Yes. All nonresident aliens for tax purposes need to file form 8843 regardless of whether or not they need to file taxes. This includes dependent spouses and children who are nonresident aliens for tax purposes. This form is simply stating to the U.S. government that you were in the U.S. and is not the same as filing taxes. You can use GLACIER Tax Prep to create and print your 8843 or you can use the 8843 and instructions provided on our tax website.
Do all international students and scholars need to file form 8843?
No. If you are a resident alien for tax purposes (generally, students who have been in the U.S. for longer than 5 years and scholars who have been in the U.S. for longer than 2 years), you do not need to file form 8843. This is only required of nonresident aliens for tax purposes.
Is a SSN or ITIN required to file form 8843?
No. You do not need a SSN or an ITIN to file form 8843. There is a place to enter your tax identification number if you have one, but you do not need a tax identification number to file this document.
When is the deadline to file form 8843?
That depends on whether or not you were required to file taxes. If you filed taxes for 2012, your 8843 should be submitted with your tax return and postmarked by April 15, 2013. If you are submitting the 8843 alone, the deadline is June 17, 2013.